The challenges posed by renewable energy
The objective of sustainable development is to define models which reconcile the economic, social and environmental aspects of human activities.
The “three pillars” of sustainable development must be taken into account both by local authorities and businesses.
To achieve this different charters and protocols have been designed, which form the base for global accepted guidelines. The development of renewable energy hinges strongly on these globally accepted agreements as many countries have signed up to them.
Their aim…..It must enable people access to energy, at a high quality-level, against competitive prices, without supply interruptions risk to health and safeguarding the environment.
Energy is a key element of sustainable development policies which are aimed at economic growth that respects the environment and social equity, and encompasses both businesses and nations.
Globally, the protocols and charters signed during the large international conferences initiated by the United Nations make sustainable development a priority, with the objective of gradually reducing greenhouse gases, thanks to a diversification of energy production methods and renewable energy.
Therefore, the Kyoto protocol, which was ratified by 180 countries including the industrialised ones and which came into force on February 2005, envisages a collective reduction of C02 by a minimum of 5% against the 1990 levels of output during the period from 2008 to 2012.
As well as the application of the Kyoto protocol, the French state is implementing actions aimed at promoting the development of renewable energy, notably during the COP 21 (2015 Paris Climate Conference).